Do you know H2O/ water full form?
What is H2O Stand For?
Full form of H2O in English
H2O Formula : Hydrogen( 2 molecules)+ Oxygen( 1 molecule)
Water is the primary need for survival of a living organism. It is believed that earlier life arose from the water. Scientifically, water ( H2O formula) is chemically composed of 2 units of hydrogen and a single unit of oxygen.
There are multiple ways in which water is produced and recycled on this planet. Naturally, there is always a cycle running on this earth to balance the level of water being produced and consumed by living beings on earth. This cycle is termed as the hydro-geochemical cycle.
The exploitation of water reserves on this earth has led to ecological imbalance. At several places there is not even a drop to satisfy basic needs, on the other hand, there are places where reckless wastage of water is done.
Water as a natural resource is also important because of its wide usage in all arenas of life. All the domestic purposes from cleaning, washing, bathing, eating, cooking depend on water availability.
Full form of H2O in Hindi: हाइड्रोजन (2 अणु) + ऑक्सीजन (1 अणु)
Bigger industries like steel, paper, FMCG, Fabric etc. need water for the production process. While setting up industry in any area one of the key factors which is kept in mind is the availability of water. Nearby and efficient water resources reduce the investment and maximize the production process.
Water Cycle: Hydro geochemical Cycle: H2O Cycle
The process of water evaporation by sun rays from earth then condensation in clouds and rainfall constitute the water cycle. It’s a very simple yet one of the most important natural process. Areas with higher temperature undergo water scarcity because of the higher rate of evaporation.
On the other hand, the areas with moderate temperature and greenery experience higher rainfall. Greenery or trees significantly affect the H2O cycle. Reckless cutting of trees disturbs the water cycle.
Areas with no trees or lesser trees or plants have higher temperature and rainfall is less. The most common example is of desserts where vegetation is very less, as a result, rainfall is less and hence the temperature is high.
The areas like evergreen forests experience high rainfall and temperature is moderate.
The most unique feature of water is its ability to exist in pleomorphism forms. It has a tendency to dissolve everything and it’s odorless, tasteless and shapeless. In spite of missing taste, it is one of the tastiest items in summers or when you are thirsty.
The reason for this water craving is its presence in the human body or living organisms body since birth. Blood formation, digestion, excretion, respiration and all other metabolic activities which facilitate living to depend on water.
Strange but true fact about Water :
In general scientifically according to Archimedes Principle whenever a solid substance is dipped in water it displaces the amount of water equivalent to its weight.
When a solid item having the greater density (Mass/Volume) is dipped in water, it displaces water and sinks. Unlike, other solids ice, solid state of water has density lesser than water. When ice is placed on the surface of the water it floats rather than sinking.
For Aquatic creatures ice on the surface of the water, body acts as a shield to protect them from the chilled atmosphere. If ice was like all other solids on this earth then this would not have been possible, instead all the ice would sink in the bottom of the water body thus exposing aquatic flora and fauna to chilled atmosphere.
Water in Food Industry :
After water food is another preliminary need for survival. Reviving and testominizing the fact that nature is about the relation, water and food are always in a committed relationship.
Plants are the primary source of food. They are the primary acceptor of energy on this earth. Food chain begins with plants and ends with the tertiary consumer.
You must be wondering where did water come into this food chain?
Plants need water as one of the components to photosynthetically produce food. The food produced is in the form of glucose.
This plant or plant product is then eaten by herbivore which in turn is eaten by a bigger consumer of carnivore or omnivore type. In this way water also acts as a catalyst for initializing the food chain.
Secondary uses of water in food industry involve the processing of food grains, cheese, wine, bread, jams, jellies, pickle and many more. It is important to check and regulate the water activity in different food items to increase their shelf life.
Perishable food items are usually having higher hydration, thus are more prone to bacterial/fungal rotting. Preservation procedures are followed to increase shelf life and reduce water activity in all such items.
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